||The rate at which a scene or act is played.
||In medieval times the word referred to the carts which were decorated by various
guilds and used in processions on holidays. These carts were basically portable stages upon which stylized scenes from
religious plays were acted out. In modern usage the term derives more from the elaborate, semi-professional open air
productions which became popular at the beginning of the 20th Century. These usually celebrate the history or legends of
a particular community.
||From the Latin pantomimus, or "player of many parts". Through
misunderstanding it came to mean description of a story by means of expression and movement only.
||Sometimes called a stage plug. A two or three prong connector used to join cables,
lighting instruments and dimmers together.
||A part of the fly-loft in some theatres in which belaying pins are inserted and
to which hand worked lines from the scenery are run, controlled and tied off.
||A metal pipe suspended from the grid and from which
lighting instruments or scenery is hung.
||As in "Places, please". The command given by the stage manager directing
the actors and crew to assume their positions immediately prior to the commencement of a performance.
||A raised box or rostrum used to elevate actors upstage.
||Any work written to be acted, and entirely or mainly spoken. Derives from
the Latin word ludus meaning, literally, "play" or recreation. A play may contain elements of
musical performance, but if the music becomes the paramount means of telling the story, the it is referred to as Opera.
||Form of theatrical adverdisement. Playbills can refer both to large posters used
to promote a play or performance, as well as the program or booklet containing theatre news and information about a
||The plan or arrangement of incidents in a play.
||Scenery, props or lighting that will be used by actors during the play. A
practical door is one which an actor can open as opposed to a door built merely for show.
||Introductory speech or poem that introduced the play and explained or commented on
the action which was to take place. Together with the epilogue, which closed the play, prologues were used extensively
in Restoration theatre, but have fallen into disuse in modern drama.
||To give actors their line. As actors move off book, the prompter follows the
dialogue in a prompt book and, if an actor calls for his or her "line", the prompter provides a portion of the
line to help the actor remember.
||The script used by the prompter to give actors their lines during rehearsals.
||All physical items on stage with the exception of the scenery. This would include
lamps, chairs, pens, paper, books and all manner of such things. Heavier items such as sofas, desks, etc., are really more
a part of the scenery.
||The opening in a "picture frame" stage. Came into use in Restoration
theatre, replacing the thrust stage of Elizabethan theatre and was a standard feature of stages from the 17th Century until
open or thrust stages, as well as theatres in the round came into extensive use again in the 20th Century. The proscenium
stage was much influenced by the design of theatre houses designed Italy from the 16th Century forward. The proscenium helped
to hide the machinery and equipment used to change settings in a production.
||In modern theatre, the leading actor of a play, who is often set in conflict with
an antagonist. The term derives from ancient Greek theatre in which it described the first actor to speak. Originally,
Greek theatre consisted of one principal actor and a chorus. As two and then three actors were added, they were referred to as
the Protagonist, Deuteragonist, and Tritagonist.